Ethical Standards Authors Responsibilities

Writing Standards

Authors of original research reports must present a true account of the work done and an objective discussion of its importance. The underlying data must be accurately represented in the document, which must also contain sufficient detail and references to allow others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable. Journal articles and professional publications must also be precise and objective. Opinion editors are clearly identified as such.

Information Access and Retaining

Authors may be required to provide research data in support of their editorial review request and / or to comply with the requirements of the publication or open data procedures. Authors should be prepared to provide public access to this data, to the extent possible, and to retain this data for a reasonable number of years after publication. Authors may refer to the guidelines of the author of a publication for further details.

Uniqueness and Acknowledgement of original Sources

Authors must ensure that the manuscripts they submitted are entirely original and that the appropriate attribution is given and that permission has been obtained where appropriate, if they have used the work and / or the words of others. Authors should cite the publications that influenced the reported work and that give the work the appropriate context in the broader literature. Information obtained privately, such as in a conversation, correspondence or discussion with third parties, should not be used or communicated without the express written permission of the source. Plagiarism can take many forms, ranging from the claim of another author's document to the author's own document, to the copying or paraphrasing of important parts of another's document (without proper recognition), through the results of research done by other people. Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical actions and is unacceptable.

Several, Redundant or Synchronized Publication

Authors should not publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in several journals. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one diary at a time is unethical and unacceptable behaviour. The rationale for this standard is the possibility of disagreement when two (or more) journals claim the right to publish a manuscript submitted simultaneously to more than one journal and the possibility that two or more journals undertake the work without knowing it and without necessity. Peer review, edit the same manuscript and publish the same article. As a general rule, an author should not submit an article already published for review in another journal, except in the form of an abstract, part of a lecture or published academic thesis, or an electronic pre-print. The publication of certain types of articles (e.g. clinical guidelines, translations, etc.) in several journals can sometimes be justified provided certain conditions are met. The authors and editors of the journals concerned must accept the secondary publication, which must reflect the same data and interpretation of the main document. In addition, the primary reference must be cited in the secondary publication Further details on acceptable forms of secondary publication can be found on the ICMJE website here.

Confidentiality Material

Information obtained through confidential services, such as manuscript review or grant applications, should not be used without the express written permission of the author of the work involved in these services.

Composition of an Article

Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the design, design, execution or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made a substantial contribution must be listed as co-authors. When there are other people who have been involved in some substantive aspects of an article (for example, language publishing or medical writing), they should be recognized in the acknowledgments section. The corresponding author ensures that all appropriate co-authors and inappropriate co-authors are included in the document, and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the document and have agreed to submit it for publication. Authors are expected to carefully review the list and order of authors before submitting their manuscript and provide the final list of authors at the time of initial submission. The Editor-in-Chief will only consider (at his discretion) the addition, deletion or rearrangement of authors after submission of the manuscript will be accepted only in exceptional circumstances. All authors must accept such additions, deletions or rearrangements. Authors have collective responsibility for the work and each author is responsible for ensuring that questions relating to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are properly investigated and resolved. Individual journals or reports may have specific definitions of the author and authors must ensure that they comply with the guidelines of the publication concerned.

Declaration of Contending Interests

The World Association of Medical Editors (WAME) defines the conflict of interest as "a mismatch between the private interests of an individual (competing interests) and his / her responsibilities with respect to scientific and publishing activities, so that a reasonable observer may wonder whether the behaviour or judgment of the individual is motivated by considerations that take into account the interests of his competitors. "All authors must disclose in their manuscript any financial and personal relationship with other persons or organizations that could unduly influence their work. All sources of funding for research and / or article preparation should be disclosed, as well as the role of the sponsor (s), if any, in the design of the study; analysis and interpretation of the data, in the drafting of the report and in the decision to submit an article for publication. do not participate in this way, this must be clearly stated. Examples of potential conflicts of interest to be disclosed include employment, consulting, share ownership, fees, paid expert testimony, patent applications / registrations and grants or other financings

Statement of Fundamental Errors

When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his own published work, he is obliged to immediately notify the publisher or editor and cooperate with the publisher to delete or correct the document if the publisher judges it necessary. If the publisher or publisher declares to a third party that a published work contains an error, the author is obliged to cooperate with the publisher, in particular by providing the proof to the publisher, as the case may be.

Image guidance

It is not acceptable to enhance, obscure, move, delete, or introduce a specific feature into an image. Settings for brightness, contrast, or color balance are acceptable if they do not mask or eliminate the information in the original. Image manipulation to improve clarity is accepted, but manipulation for other purposes could be considered scientific misconduct and should be addressed accordingly. Authors must adhere to any specific policy regarding graphic images applied by the publication concerned, for example: provide the original images as complementary material to the article or deposit them in an appropriate repository.

Studies relating with animal subjects

All research involving regulated animals (i.e. all live vertebrates and higher invertebrates) should be conducted in accordance with relevant institutional and national guidelines and regulations. ISRDO follows International Association of Veterinary Editors guidelines for publication of studies including animal research. Confirmation of this approval is required when submitting a manuscript to the publication; Authors must provide a statement identifying the full name of the ethics committee that approved the study. For most article types, this statement should appear in the Materials and Methods section.

An example ethics statement:

  • This study was carried out in accordance with the principles of the Declaration and recommendations of [name of guidelines], [name of committee]. The protocol was approved by the [name of committee].
  • All manuscripts describing studies where death is an endpoint will be subject to additional ethical considerations. Publication reserves the right to reject any manuscripts lacking in appropriate justification.

Studies relating with human subjects

Research involving human subjects is expected to have been conducted in accordance with the World Medical Association’s Declaration of Helsinki. Studies involving human participants must be carried out in accordance with the relevant institutional and national guidelines, with the prior approval of the ethics committee of the institution concerned and the written consent of all human subjects involved in the study, including the publication of the results. Confirmation of this approval is required when submitting a manuscript to publication. Authors must provide a statement identifying the full name of the ethics committee that approved the work and confirming that the subjects of the study (or, where applicable, the parent or guardian) gave their informed and written consent. For most article types, this statement should appear in the Materials and Methods section

An example ethics statement:

  • This study was carried out in accordance with the recommendations of [name of guidelines], [name of committee]. The protocol was approved by the [name of committee]. All subjects gave written informed consent in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki.

Any Feedback for Author Guideline

255 character(s) remaining.